Dentistry

Dentistry

Dentistry is the area of dentistry that restores the shape, function and esthetics of teeth.

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Resultados de traducción
Functions may not be maintained due to caries lesions, which can be primary or secondary (when a new caries lesion appears together with a previously performed dental treatment, recurrence), fractures, color change, shape change (due to fracture or caries, diastemas, microdentals), deficient restorations (edges or amalgams that reach interproximal spaces)

The goal is to treat caries disease like other defects that may be associated.

The field of Dentistry is interdisciplinary:

  1. Dentistry and preventive dentistry: Hygienic and nutritional counseling is promoted and prevention is carried out with crack sealants and fluoride.
  2. Dentistry and orthodontics: contributes to the resolution of semi-failures caused by orthodontics, for example: closure of diastemas.
  3. Dentistry and oral pathology: when evaluating the oral cavity of a patient, it must be evaluated as a whole and not just the tooth to be restored, thus, a fractured tooth or a tooth with a deficient restoration can cause tissue trauma soft. It is necessary to carry out an early diagnosis.
  4. Dentistry, prosthodontics and occlusion: parafunctional habits (eg. bruxism) and loss of vertical dimension can be resolved.
  5. Dentistry and endodontics: restorations for endodontic teeth
  6. Dentistry and Periodontology: With the presence of overhanging restorations, or with open spaces between the interproximal space of the teeth, it can affect the periodontium (gingival inflammation and consequently make it sick).
  7. Dentistry and Pediatric Dentistry: adapting dental treatment and restorations to the child.

In some cases, it is necessary to perform temporary restorations. The provisional restoration must be used for a limited period of time, determined by the need analyzed by the dentist.

Provisional restoration can be used for therapeutic purposes:

  • Perform pulp and periodontal diagnosis until the source of the problem is identified
  • For technical reasons in endodontics, until the root canal treatment is completed
  • Managing a patient at high risk of caries
  • Aesthetic, functional or phonetic diagnostic reasons in RO

With regard to definitive restorations, these must restore anatomy, form and function in a lasting manner. Restorations should be biomimicable so that we can take advantage of their aesthetic functions.

In Dentistry, indirect restorations can also be performed (performed when direct restorations are not the most suitable solution for the case in question). Indirect restorations can be divided into more invasive (full, partial crowns) or less invasive situations (indirect restorations like facets, inlays, overlays).

Dentisteria and tooth color change:

There are teeth that over the years create a “yellowish” color, others have stains or discolorations and their nature comes from numerous factors:

Intrinsic stains: Occurs inside the tooth and is only removed by bleaching. There are several causes for its appearance:

  • Age: due to the formation of secondary dentin which is darker and more opaque and the thinning of the enamel
  • Intake of chromatogenic food and beverages
  • Tobacco
  • Microcracks in Enamel
  • Tetracyclines: They are harder to remove
  • Excessive fluorine intake
  • Severe jaundice in childhood
  • Cavities
  • Fluorosis
  • Restorations
  • Enamel Thickness Wear
  • Medical conditions

Extrinsic stains: Occurr on the tooth surface, are easily removed by cleaning, but can become intrinsic if they remain in the tooth for a long time.< /p>

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Intake of chromatogenic food and beverages
  • Tobacco
  • Beverages like coffee, tea and wine

Bleaching can be done in the office or at home (most common). If it is a non-vital tooth, whitening is done internally in the tooth.

Whitening is indicated when there is dissatisfaction on the part of the patient regarding the color of their teeth, to increase the aesthetic durability of crowns that are lighter than the teeth and for people over 18 years of age. It is contraindicated in pregnant or nursing women, patients with allergy to carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide, patients with radicular exposure, and in patients with esthetic restorations in anterior teeth.

Bleaching at home, how to do?

Bleaching is carried out with either 10-16% carbamide peroxide or 6% hydrogen peroxide. The bleaching product is placed on the gutter on the faces corresponding to the vestibular surface.

Place the drip in the mouth.

Depending on the bleaching product the time may vary.

Usually this is done overnight, for 4-6 hours (minimum). The duration of treatment varies from 2-14 days, depending on the patient’s desire.

Control appointments should be arranged.

Appointments

If you want to schedule an appointment, you can do it directly by phone and it will be immediately confirmed or send us a suggestion for a date.