Oral Surgery

Oral surgery is the area of Dentistry dedicated to the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and anomalies of the teeth, mouth, jaws and related structures.

Some examples of clinical acts performed in oral surgery are:

  1. Extraction of impacted teeth
  1. Extraction of teeth present in the arch

Extraction is a manual and instrumental surgical act aimed at mobilizing the most conservative tissue possible, from the tooth inside the alveolus, until a progressive detachment is obtained, allowing its removal.

Extraction may be indicated when there is extensive caries without the possibility of conservative treatments, orthodontic indication, prosthetic rehabilitation or fractured teeth, teeth with endodontics and failure, without considering its endodontic retreatment or when the wisdom tooth is not in the correct position or that is with symptoms or in a way to prevent any related problems.

  1. Surgery to remove cysts or tumors
  2. Periodontal surgery
  3. Implantology
  4. Pre-prosthetic surgery (preparation of the mouth so that a prosthesis can be placed).

Before performing a surgery, the doctor may perform an apical x-ray if there is any doubt.

After surgery, the best guarantee for the healing of an alveolar wound is the formation of a blood clot that, by filling the alveolus, protects it from external aggression.

Postoperative care

After extraction of one or more teeth, due care should be taken so that healing occurs normally, avoiding complications:

  • Avoid eating very hot foods or drinks, as well as avoid staying in the sun or other heat sources;
  • Avoid smoking;
  • Apply an ice pack to the face for periods of 10 minutes, especially during the first 24 hours to prevent or reduce swelling;
  • Avoid mouthwash for the first 24 hours to prevent clot loss;
  • Avoid intense physical exertion, especially on the day of extraction
  • Avoid lying down immediately after surgery, and if possible sleep with your head elevated;
  • Properly take the medication prescribed by the dentist, which may include only analgesics, in order to relieve pain after tooth extraction, but also anti-inflammatory and/or antibiotics;
  • Maintain a more careful oral hygiene, without neglecting the extraction area in the slightest.

Regarding the healing time after tooth extraction, it usually varies between 7 to 10 days.


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